Appointment of Raghuvir Pandya as Prosecutor quashed by Gujarat HC; Issues Guidelines for Appointment of Prosecutors [Read Judgment]

Appointment of Raghuvir Pandya as Prosecutor quashed by Gujarat HC; Issues Guidelines for Appointment of Prosecutors [Read Judgment]

Gujarat High Court has quashed the appointment of Raghuvir  Nandkrishna Pandya, as Government Pleader­ cum ­Public Prosecutor. Justice J.B. Pardiwala allowed the Writ applications challenging the Government order appointing Pandya as the District Government Pleader and Public  Prosecutor  of  Vadodara.

Residents of  Vadodara had approached the High court praying for a writ of quo warranto removing Shri  Raghuvir   Pandya   from   the   office   of   the   District   Government Pleader and Public Prosecutor, Vadodara, as according to them, he is not  fit and suitable  for the post. pointed out that  the Supreme Court in the case of Zahira Habibulla  H Sheikh V. State of  Gujarat [2004(4) SCC 158] made scathing remarks against Shri Pandya  in his capacity as the Public Prosecutor as regards his character, integrity  and competency. They also contended that there was  no   effective   consultation   between   the   District   Magistrate   and   the  Sessions Judge as regards the observations of the Supreme Court and  also on other vital issues.  Pandya   was the Public Prosecutor in 2004 and had conducted a very sensational  trial popularly known as the "Best Bakery Case". Supreme Court had observed  that Pandya appeared more as a defence counsel than one whose duty was to present the truth before the Court.

The grounds of challenge in the Writ application were the following



  • Non- consideration of relevant material
  • No proper and effective consultation or deliberation
  • No written opinion as to fitness and suitability and absence of communication to the State Government on the aspect of “suitability” and “fitness
  • There is nothing on record that an opinion as to suitability and fitness   was   formed   by   the   District   Judge   in   consultation   with   the Sessions Judge.
  • Preparing a panel of names only on the basis of the marking system vitiates the entire decision making process and runs contrary to Section 24 of the Cr.P.C.
  • If at all the marking system is to be adopted, the same should be based on some objective criteria. The stance of the State Government that it thought fit to appoint Shri Pandya as the Public Prosecutor as he had secured the highest marks goes to show that the State mechanically appointed Shri Pandya, more particularly, when in the past, the State itself had rejected Shri Pandya on the ground that he was not fit to be appointed as the Public Prosecutor.
  • The decision to appoint Shri Pandya as the Public Prosecutor was against the public interest and the same has shaken the confidence of the people in the justice delivery system


The Court allowing the applications summarized its findings in the form of guidelines to be followed in appointment of Public Prosecutors. It said



  • The words   "in   his   opinion   fit   to   be   appointed   as   Public Prosecutor"   are   not   to   be   construed   in   the   sense   of   a   mere  discretionary   power,   but   in   the   context   of   the   words   "in  consultation with the Sessions Judge" imposes a statutory duty to  examine the fitness and suitability of the persons as one of the  important eligibility criteria or statutory requirements. The words "in the opinion" does not mean purely subjective determination by  the District Magistrate. It is not correct to say that the words "in the opinion" leave the matter entirely at the subjective will of the District Magistrate and  the High  Court  cannot   interfere   in  appropriate cases even when there is a failure to comply with the  legal requirements or the decision is not in public interest.
  • The Public Prosecutor holds a “public office”. He holds the public office within the scope of a “quo warranto”
  • Apart from the eligibility criteria provided by Section 24 (7) of the Code and the rules so far as the appointment as the Public Prosecutor is concerned, the other important eligibility criteria is that such persons should be “fit” to be appointed.
  • The institutional integrity of the institution of the Public Prosecutor should be kept in mind while recommending the name of the candidate. Appointment to the post of a Public Prosecutor must satisfy, not only the eligibility criteria of the candidate, but also the decision making process of the recommendations.
  • The present writ applications are not hit by the doctrine of res judicata. The writ application earlier filed in public interest was dismissed only on the ground of lack of bona fide on the part of the petitioner.
  • The “fitness”   of   the   empanelled   advocates   must   also   be examined by the Government before appointing one of them as the Public Prosecutor
  • The allotment of marks or the marksheet alone can never be construed as an expression of opinion as regards the “fitness” and “suitability
  • The District Magistrate as well as the District and Sessions Judge must express their respective opinions in writing and such opinions must reflect what was considered and how.
  • The written   opinion   should   also   indicate   whether   any adverse material had come to their notice and was looked into and discussed.
  • Having regard to the materials on record, the case in hand is one of lack of effective consultation


Read the Judgment here.