CAG report cannot be used as a foundation to build up criminal case; Karnataka HC quashes Cases against Yeddyurappa [Read Judgment]

CAG report cannot be used as a foundation to build up criminal case; Karnataka HC quashes Cases against Yeddyurappa [Read Judgment]


The CAG report wherefore since not available for judicial scrutiny, in my considered opinion, cannot be used as a foundation to build up a criminal case and cannot be made a part of investigation, the Court said quashing all FIRs against former Karnataka CM.


Karnataka High Court has quashed the corruption cases against Former Chief Minister of Karnataka, B.S. Yeddyurappa holding that CAG report cannot be used as a foundation to build up a criminal case and cannot be made a part of investigation. Justice Rathnakala also held that, as the Lokayuktha is not invested with jurisdiction to probe into the offences under the Penal laws an, a complaint lodged before the Lokayuktha cannot take over the colour of information of offence under Section 154(1) of the Code.

Background

The former chief minister had approached the High Court for quashing the corruption case against him which had originated from a complaint lodged by one Jayakumar Hiremath before the Lokayuktha seeking action on the basis of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India’s report in finding irregularities in the action taken by him and the co-accused in denotifying the various lands from acquisition.

The crux of the contention made in the petitions is that the CAG report cannot be considered as a ‘gospel truth’ and it is a document, which has to be deliberated upon by the House which has the discretion to either accept the recommendations or to reject them and therefore Police could not have registered the FIR on the basis of certain remarks in CAG report.

FIR, not in consonance with Section 154 Cr.P.C unsustainable

The court said that the FIR not reflecting any oral or written statement given by the defacto complainant that would have been translated into writing is not in consonance with sub-section (1) of Section 154 of the Code and the so-called complaint annexed to the FIR being the complaint in Form No.1 under Section 7 of the Lokayuktha Act cannot be conceived as substantive information in the eye of law to register a criminal case.

The Court added “There is no statutory provision in any of the Penal laws in respect of which the FIRs are registered, reconciling the procedure contemplated in Section 154(1) of the Code. That being so, the Lokayuktha Police ought not to have yielded to register the FIRs by blowing away the mandatory procedure. The irregularity/illegality committed in registration of the FIRs, without there being any material in the nature of information goes to the very root of the matter which cannot be cured by whatever means.”

CAG report cannot be used to initiate criminal case.

The Court said that since the CAG report is not available for judicial scrutiny, it cannot be used as a foundation to build up a criminal case and cannot be made a part of investigation. The court further said “An alert citizen upholding the mission of ‘combat against corruption’ is certainly laudable. But it shall not be a free style battle. The penal laws under which the alleged offence fall will take over, if offence is proved in a court of law. The procedure contemplated by the Code to invoke criminal law into motion being the first step for registration of a criminal case, inroading of the procedure laid down by rule of law is not at all permissible.”

Read the Judgment here.