Plagiarism In AILET (NLU-Delhi Entrance Test) 2019

Plagiarism In AILET (NLU-Delhi Entrance Test) 2019

All India Law Entrance Test ("AILET") is the admission test for National Law University, Delhi ("NLU-D") that is organised by it every year for admission into its various courses. This year, for the first time, AILET has come under severe scrutiny due to plagiarism in its papers for B.A. LL.B. (Hons.) course. This post closely examines plagiarism in AILET 2019.

Currently, the Common Law Admission Test ("CLAT") has been under the scanner due to the numerous blunders in the conduct of the exam through the years. A petition filed by Prof. Shamnad Basheer is pending before the Supreme Court to reform the manner in which CLAT is conducted and establish a permanent body that conducts the test in a professional and competent manner. This is the first time that AILET has come under scrutiny too.

On the first Sunday of May 2019, tens of thousands of students pinned their hopes on AILET 2019, the entrance test for the prestigious law college NLU-D. They were severely let down by the system as a substantial portion of the AILET 2019 paper was plagiarised from a variety of sources detailed in the table below.

National Law Universities ("NLUs") enjoy a significant amount of autonomy when it comes to deciding the standards and curriculum of legal education in India. With the financial and intellectual resources at the disposal of NLUs to conduct a national level entrance test (and considering the high entrance examination fees charged by them), a well-designed and competently conducted test is the minimum expectation. A national level entrance test must adhere to some basic standards of professionalism, competence and fairness. Test-development and test administration must be taken extremely seriously by the organising agency, because the test seeks to create an entry-barrier that regulates who gets to go to law school, and eventually who gets to enter the legal profession. The criteria on which this entry-barrier is sought to be created must be fair, equitable and objective that correctly estimates the "aptitude" for legal education.

The general practice in test-setting is creation of a question bank by professional test-setters, including psychometricians and test item developers, for the use of the organising entity year after year. The question bank is frequently updated. The professional test-setters are also tasked with conducting extensive research (psychometric and otherwise) on the quality of questions developed. This is done in order to determine, among other things, cultural fairness of the test and whether the test adequately measures the attributes it is meant to measure (in the context of CLAT and AILET, the attribute sought to be measured is "aptitude to study law").

The break-up of the AILET is as follows:

English 35

General Knowledge 35

Legal Aptitude 35

Reasoning 35

Mathematics 10

Total 150

Of the 150 questions that constituted the AILET exam, sources for at least 61 questions were located online.

Of these, at least 23 questions were identifiably lifted from GMAT test preparation material. Please bear in mind that GMAT is a graduate-level entrance test. To offer the same set of questions to school students in India is grossly unfair. It is worrying that the National Law University Delhi, a premier law university in India, conducted a national level test in such an unprofessional manner.

Particularly, the English and the Reasoning sections of the test have been lifted from the GMAT Official Guide 2019. The test-setters have taken efforts to make the questions taken from the GMAT Official Guide and other sources unidentifiable by changing certain non-material details in questions. For example, the paragraph on which questions 1 to 8 are based has been taken from page 416 of the GMAT Official Guide (Guide). In that, the name "Jon Clark" that appears in the Guide has been replaced with "Surajendu Kumar" in the AILET. The table below lists the Question Numbers on the AILET against links to possible sources of these questions.

Whereas some similarity in the pattern of questions is unavoidable, the plagiarism in AILET 2019's case does not go unnoticed. It shows gross recklessness and incompetence on part of the agency setting the paper. This is detrimental to students who give the exam in hope of a level playing field where they get an opportunity to study at a top law college.

Please refer to the table below for more details.

S.No.

Question Number(s)

Source

Notes (if any)

1

1-8

https://gmatclub.com/forum/jon-clark-s-study-of-the-effect-of-the-modernization-of-a-telephone-ex-88689.html

Replaced the name from "Jon Clark" to "Surajendu Kumar"

2

9

https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/loquacious

Copied the second example on the link.

3

10

https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/precocious

Copied the third example from "Examples of "precocious""

4

11

https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/ineluctable

Copied the second example from "Recent Examples on the Web"

5

12

http://englishgrammar.adbazzaar.com/the-same-words-used-as-different-parts-of-speech.html

Question created using exactly the same sentences

6

13

https://books.google.co.in/books?id=CmgtDAAAQBAJ&pg=PA145&lpg=PA145&dq="why,+it+is+surely+nanak"&source=bl&ots=2gHYZUTcs9&sig=ACfU3U1AwlpEJHR_NMgPh4mU2OW4u8uCXQ&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiwzsfeirHiAhVSWX0KHeUSC9QQ6AEwAHoECAkQAQ#v=onepage&q="why, it is surely nanak"&f=false

From Wren and Martin, page 145.

Question created using exactly the same sentences.

7

14

https://gmatclub.com/forum/although-she-was-considered-among-her-contemporaries-to-be-the-better-208881.html

Replaced Elizabeth Barrett Browning to Kassia.

8

15

https://gmatclub.com/forum/a-ruined-structure-found-at-aqaba-jordan-was-probably-a-church-as-206001.html

Replaced Aqaba, Jordan to Aizawl, India.

9

16

https://gmatclub.com/forum/starfish-with-anywhere-from-five-to-eight-arms-have-a-strong-regener-132488.html

Replaced "Starfish" with "Octopus"

10

17

https://gmatclub.com/forum/the-eyes-of-the-elephant-seal-adapt-to-darkness-more-quickly-than-any-220382.html

Replaced "Elephant Seal" with "Catfish"

11

18

https://gmatclub.com/forum/the-first-trenches-that-were-cut-into-a-500-acre-site-at-tell-hamoukar-225551.html

Replaced Tell Hamoukar, Syria with Haji Piyada, Afghanistan.

12

19

https://gmatclub.com/forum/while-it-costs-about-the-same-to-run-nuclear-plants-as-other-types-of-134755.html

Replaced nuclear plants with atomic power plants.

13

20

https://gmatclub.com/forum/about-5-million-acres-in-the-united-states-have-been-invaded-by-leafy-242544.html

Replaced names and numbers.

14

21

https://gmatclub.com/forum/in-california-a-lack-of-genetic-variation-in-the-argentine-ant-has-35018.html

Replaced names.

15

22

https://gmatclub.com/forum/rivaling-the-pyramids-of-egypt-or-even-the-ancient-cities-of-67423.html

Replaced names.

16

23

https://gmatclub.com/forum/tides-typically-range-from-three-to-six-feet-but-while-some-places-sh-242545.html

Replaced names.

17

24

https://www.englishgrammar.org/figures-speech-part-iii/

Copied the sentence from an English grammar website.

18

25

http://www.english-for-students.com/Figures-of-Speech.html

Copied the sentence from an English grammar website.

19

26

https://www.indiastudychannel.com/english/2095-Figures-Speech.aspx

Copied the sentence from an English grammar website.

20

27

NA

21

28

https://www.englishgrammar.org/figures-speech-part-iii/

22

29

NA

23

30-35

http://www.lic.nkfust.edu.tw/ezfiles/5/1005/img/791/1012362.pdf

Copied from a Taiwanese entrance test (linked).

24

36-70

GK Section

28

71

BLOG: https://legalpoint-india.blogspot.com/2016/03/delhi-judicial-service-exam-2010-pt.html

Copied from Delhi Judicial Services Exam 2010 (Q.No. 193) Legal principles added.

30

72

BLOG: https://legalpoint-india.blogspot.com/2016/03/delhi-judicial-service-exam-2010-pt.html

Copied from Delhi Judicial Services Exam 2010 (Q.No. 190)

31

73

BLOG: https://legalpoint-india.blogspot.com/2016/03/delhi-judicial-service-exam-2010-pt.html

Copied from Delhi Judicial Services Exam 2010 (Q.No. 188)

32

74

NA

Alcock v. Chief Constable of South Yorkshire Police. Would not categorise this as plagiarised. No source located for the questions.

32

75

NA

Smith v Littlewoods Organisation Ltd

Summary of facts copied from: https://www.lawteacher.net/cases/smith-v-littlewoods.php. Would not categorise this as plagiarised. No source located for the questions.

33

76

NA

34

77

NA

Tate & Lyle v Greater London Council

Summary of facts copied from: http://www.e-lawresources.co.uk/cases/Tate--and--Lyle-v-Greater-London-Council.php/ Would not categorise this as plagiarised. No source located for the questions.

35

78

NA

Hedley Byrne v Heller

36

79

NA

Dunlop v Selfridges

37

80

NA

Chinnaya v. Ramayya

38

81

https://brainly.in/question/7851519

39

82

NA

Reference: BRITISH INCOMES AND PROPERTY http://library.umac.mo/ebooks/b31870752.pdf. Not directly copied from the source mentioned, but based on certain passages from the book but it shouldn't count as plagiarism.

40

83

NA

41

84

NA

42

85

NA

43

86-105

NA

All of these questions test legal knowledge.

44

106-112

https://schoolbag.info/test/lsat/8.html

Taken from LSAT Practice test. Language changed.

45

113

https://www.examveda.com/statement-the-company-x-has-rejected-first-lot-of-values-supplied-by-company-a-and-has-cancelled-its-entire-huge-order-quoting-use-of-inferior-quality-material-and-poor-20092/

Language changed.

46

114

http://www.allindiaexams.in/discussion/20911

47

115

http://www.allindiaexams.in/reasoning/verbal-reasoning-questions-answers/evaluating-course-of-action/2

48

116

NA

49

117

NA

50

118

NA

51

119

NA

52

120

NA

53

121-122

NA

54

123-127

Passage taken from the book Test Of Reasoning By Thorpe (page 3.259)

https://books.google.co.in/books?isbn=0070620318

Language changed

55

128

NA

56

129

NA

57

130

NA

58

131

NA

59

132

NA

60

133

NA

61

134

NA

62

135

NA

63

136

https://gmatclub.com/forum/according-to-the-last-pre-election-poll-in-whippleton-most-voters-241367.html

Copied with minor changes.

64

137

https://gmatclub.com/forum/according-to-the-last-pre-election-poll-in-whippleton-most-voters-241367.html

Copied with minor changes such as in name of the country changed.

65

138

https://gmatclub.com/forum/proposed-new-safety-rules-for-the-beach-city-airport-would-lengthen-201652.html

Copied with minor changes such as the name of the country changed.

66

139

https://gmatclub.com/forum/debater-the-average-amount-of-overtime-per-month-worked-by-135640-20.html#p2071061

Copied with minor changes such as the name of the company changed.

67

140

https://gmatclub.com/forum/proponents-of-the-recently-introduced-tax-on-sales-of-new-luxury-boats-241472.html

Copied with minor changes such as from "boats" replaced with "cars".

68

141

https://www.proprofs.com/quiz-school/story.php?title=4-ccet-hackthonen

Question 10 copied. Order of multiples choices changed.

69

142

https://www.examveda.com/three-wheels-can-complete-40-24-and-16-revolutions-per-minutes-respectively-there-is-a-red-spot-on-each-wheel-that-touches-the-ground-at-time-zero-after-how-much-89722/

Question copied with non-numeric details changed in the question. Multiples choices changed.

70

143

NA

71

144

https://doubtnut.com/question-answer/a-coaching-institute-has-students-in-3-batches-x-y-and-z-in-a-certain-examination-the-average-marks--3640124

Question copied with non-numeric details changed in the question. Multiples choices changed.

72

145

https://doubtnut.com/question-answer/shobhas-mathematics-test-had-75-problems-ie-10-arithmetic-30-algebra-and-35-geometry-problems-althou-3951789

Question copied with non-numeric details replaced in the question. Multiples choices added.

73

146

https://doubtnut.com/question-answer/a-merchant-marks-his-goods-at-25-above-the-cost-price-due-to-a-slump-in-the-market-his-cost-reduces--3952485

Question copied with non-numeric details replaced in the question. Multiples choices changed.

74

147

https://www.sscadda.com/pipes-cistern-quant-questions-for-ssc

Question 10. Copied from SSC Mains

75

148

https://www.quora.com/Two-trains-running-in-opposite-directions-cross-a-man-standing-on-the-platform-in-27-seconds-and-17-seconds-respectively-and-they-cross-each-other-in-23-seconds-What-is-the-ratio-of-their-speeds

Question copied with non-numeric details replaced in the question.

76

149

https://doubtnut.com/question-answer/a-car-overtakes-a-bus-travelling-from-delhi-to-jaipur-at-4-30-pm-the-car-reaches-jaipur-at-6-00-pm-a-3953291

Replaced Jaipur with Agra.

"8:30 pm" in answers replaced with "9:45" p.m.

77

150

https://brainly.in/question/892370

Language of the question changed.