Institute of Law, Nirma University, recently organised an International Conference on Justice Education on the theme of Artificial Intelligence and its Legal Implications. The conference witnesses a plenary session on 'Global treaty for the Regulation of Artificial Intelligence'. The key speakers were Ms. Komal Gupta, Head, Artificial Intelligence and Innovation at Cyril Amarchand MangalDas, Ahmedabad, and Dr. Pawan Duggal, founder and chairman of the International Commission on Cyber Security Law and the president of Cyberlaws.net, who spoke about the necessity of legal sanctions and regulations on artificial intelligence. He further said that considering the fact that there is a long way to go for today's cyber laws, bringing a regulation on artificial intelligence is too far-fetched, even with the existence of Budapest Convention regulating artificial intelligence, regulations would be even more difficult a task in the upcoming times owing to the fact that it may become uncontrollable. Another example of this could be how artificial intelligence has even played a part in the elections and the spread of fake news in current day, there are further issues relating to weaponizing of artificial intelligence, in that case, the impact may even be deadly.
Thereafter, Dr. Satyam Priyadarshy, Tech Fellow and chief data scientist of Haliburton, USA, talked about the amount of data being used present day and the spread of fake news owing to high usage of data. He even spoke about the development of technology in future, such that there would be one day where humans would be able to put in a chip inside the hand itself and one would not have to use a specific device for it. He also spoke about automatic cars and first AI robot Sophie that even though she is a first artificial intelligence-operated machine yet she is not above the limits of a human because she is not self-learning like humans so there are limits imposed on the robot as well, if it was self-learning like a human then it would be limitless. Dr. Satyam also gave an example of artificial intelligence and machine learning robots in the Hindu mythology of 'Luv and Kush' that Kush was not actually the son of Ram and Sita but actually created by Valmiki as a machine.
Dr. Andras Hars from the University of Szeged, Hungary, spoke about the possibility of artificial intelligence in international law, that if it is to be implemented, there is a need for giving it a legal personality like mother nature, further having such a legal personality status, Artificial Intelligence might affect international law in areas like research, International Humanitarian Law, human rights, legal practice etc. Dr. Hars also talked about the ways that the status of international legal personality can be granted to artificial intelligence: 1. By looking at them as individuals, who are capable of thinking and acting like humans. 2. As a collective consciousness, by providing sui generis status. Further, there is also a requirement of the international community to either form international treaty or develop international customary law in relation to artificial intelligence.
The two-day International Conference on Justice Education concluded with a valedictory session where the dignitaries present were Prof. (Dr) A Nagarathna, NLSIU; Prof. William Fox, former Dean & Prof. of Law, Columbus School of Law, The Catholic University of America, Washington, USA; Dr. Hari Krishna Maram, chairman and founder CEO of Imperial College. The best presenter was awarded prizes by the institute.