4 Dec 2023 4:18 AM GMT
Nominal Index [Citations: 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 176-195]Dharmesh Jivanlal Gurjar 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 175Rajkalp Mudranalya Private Limited Thro Kalpesh Maneklal Patel Versus Superintendent 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 176 Pradeep Nirankarnath Sharma Versus State Of Gujarat 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 177Ajayraj @ Vijendrasinh Kirodilal Meena Versus State Of Gujarat 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 178NXGN Sports Interactive...
Nominal Index [Citations: 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 176-195]
Dharmesh Jivanlal Gurjar 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 175
Rajkalp Mudranalya Private Limited Thro Kalpesh Maneklal Patel Versus Superintendent 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 176
Pradeep Nirankarnath Sharma Versus State Of Gujarat 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 177
Ajayraj @ Vijendrasinh Kirodilal Meena Versus State Of Gujarat 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 178
NXGN Sports Interactive Private Limited Versus Union Of India 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 179
Bharatkumar Pravinkumar And Co. Versus State Of Gujarat 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 180
Arvind Kejriwal Versus Gujarat University 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 181
Harshil A Shah Versus State Of Gujarat 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 182
AM Mining India Private Limited Versus Union Of India 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 183
Ketkiben Vasudev Vyas Versus State Of Gujarat 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 184
Bharatkumar Ramabhai Patel Versus State Of Gujarat 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 185
Mayur Kanaiyalal Shah Versus State Of Gujarat & 2 Other(S) 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 186
Bhailal Babubhai Patel Versus The Principal Commissioner Of Income Tax 1 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 187
The Principal Commissioner Of Income Tax 1, Ahmadabad Versus Jigar Jashwantlal Shah) 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 188
Artiben Amishkumar Patel Versus The Income Tax Officer, Ward 3(2)(1) 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 189
The Principal Commissioner Of Income Tax 1, Ahmadabad Versus Jigar Jashwantlal Shah) 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 190
Naman Gyanchand Pipara Versus State Of Gujarat & Ors. 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 191
Bhagwati Polyfill Pvt. Ltd. Versus The Assistant Commissioner Of Income Tax 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 192
Adf Foods Ltd. Versus Union Of India 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 193
LL Citation: 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 194
Kalpataru Projects International Limited Versus Ssa Projects Pvt. Ltd 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 195
Judgments/Orders This Month
Gujarat High Court Shocked Over "Tampering" Of Its Records Amid Crackdown On Corruption Within DRT Ahmedabad, Orders Inquiry
Case Title: Dharmesh Jivanlal Gurjar Versus State Of Gujarat LL Citation: 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 175
The Gujarat High Court has taken a stern view of the 'mischief' played upon it by tampering its records in a case relating to alleged corruption within Debt Recovery Tribunal at Ahmedabad. The bench of Justice Sandeep N Bhatt was seized with a case alleging corruption on part of a lawyer, who was appointed as a Court Commissioner in the proceedings of DRT.
During the course of hearing, the judge had taken note of the "deteriorating" situation of the institution, "with a majority of individuals, including bank officers, the Registry staff, and many advocates and the officers of the Registry up to the Registrar, allegedly involved in a vicious circle that affects the recovery of huge public funds."
GST Appellate Tribunal Constituted But Not Functional: Gujarat High Court Stays Recovery Of Dues
Case Title: Rajkalp Mudranalya Private Limited Thro Kalpesh Maneklal Patel Versus Superintendent
LL Citation: 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 176
The Gujarat High Court has stayed the order for recovery of dues on the grounds that, though the GST Appellate Tribunal was constituted, it was not functional. The bench of Justice Biren Vaishnav and Justice Mauna M. Bhatt has observed that though the Tribunal is constituted, it is still not functioning, and the competent authorities think it fit to issue orders of recovery, asking the assessees for information on whether an appeal has been filed at all. This apparently is a contradistinction between the authorities in question.
Gujarat High Court Refuses To Discharge Former IAS Officer Pradeep Sharma In Land Allotment Case
Case Title: Pradeep Nirankarnath Sharma Versus State Of Gujarat
LL Citation: 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 177
The Gujarat High Court refused to exonerate former IAS officer Pradeep Nirankarnath Sharma in a land allotment case, asserting that a prima facie offence existed against him, the trial was in progress with the presentation of evidence, and therefore, it was not appropriate to intervene in the lower courts' orders.
Justice Sandeep N Bhatt observed, “Under the circumstances, since there is prima facie offence made out against the applicant vis-a-vis the concurrent findings given by both the learned Courts below and considering the fact that the trial is already commenced and it is at the stage of evidence, this Court finds that this is not a fit case to interfere in the impugned orders passed by the learned Courts below. The learned Courts below have not committed any error while appreciating the documents available with them and it is rightly justified.”
Candidates Burn Midnight Oil To Secure Govt Jobs, Malpractices In Competitive Exams Has To Be Dealt With Strictly: Gujarat HC
Case title - Ajayraj @ Vijendrasinh Kirodilal Meena Versus State Of Gujarat
LL Citation: 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 178
The Gujarat High Court has said that in the competitive examination, many candidates burn the midnight oil to secure a government job and therefore, any misconduct, misbehaviour, malpractices and cheating in such exams has to be dealt with strictly. A bench of Justice Hasmukh D. Suthar observed thus while denying anticipatory bail to one Ajayraj Meena who has been accused of appearing in the competitive examination for the post of Clerk on behalf of the co-accused (Udayraj Brijlal Meena) by creating forged documents.
Whether Fantasy Gaming Fall Within Actionable Claim Amounting To Betting And Gambling Or Based On Skills: Gujarat High Court Stays GST SCN, Issues Notice
Case Title: NXGN Sports Interactive Private Limited Versus Union Of India LL Citation: 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 179
The Gujarat High Court will decide on the issue of whether fantasy gaming falls within an actionable claim amounting to betting and gambling or based on skills. The bench of Justice Biren Vaishnav and Justice Mauna M. Bhatt has issued notice to the GST department and restrained the GST department from taking any further steps on the adjudication of the show cause notice. The petitioner/assessee, NXGN Sports Interactive, submitted that the activity of the online claim that the petitioners undertake would be an actionable claim other than lottery, betting, and gambling.
Cash Can’t Be Considered As Goods For The Purpose Of Seizure Proceedings Under GST: Gujarat High Court
Case Title: Bharatkumar Pravinkumar And Co. Versus State Of Gujarat
LL Citation: 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 180
The Gujarat High Court has recently delivered a verdict on the issue of the seizure of cash under the Goods and Services Tax (GST) Act, clarifying that cash does not qualify as "goods" for the purpose of seizure proceedings.
The judgment delivered by the division bench of Justices Biren Vaishnav and Mauna M. Bhatt, emphasized that retaining seized cash for more than six months without issuing a Show Cause Notice (SCN) is not justified.
Arvind Kejriwal's Review Petition Despite University Record Of PM Narendra Modi's Degree Not In Good Taste: Gujarat High Court
Case Title: Arvind Kejriwal Versus Gujarat University
LL Citation: 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 181
The Gujarat High Court has observed that Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal's persistence in challenging Prime Minister Narendra Modi's qualifications despite an undisputable record produced by the Gujarat University is not in good taste.
While dismissing Kejriwal's review petition against its order setting aside CIC's direction to disclose information on degrees held by the Prime Minister, Justice Biren Vaishnav said, “This court, without getting into the intentions of the applicant in filing the review application would tend of agree with the submission of Mr. Mehta, learned Solicitor General of India that though there is a contemporaneous record in the form of the Office Register undisputably showing the qualification of the Prime Minister, the review applicant having lost in his legal remedy as the petition was allowed, continues to harp upon his pursuit in following a cause by proceeding in this review application in a manner which does not reflect good taste in public life.”
Gujarat High Court Upholds Property Transfer To Muslim Man In 'Disturbed Area', Says Act Meant To Curb Distress Sales Not Bonafide Transactions
Case Title: Harshil A Shah Versus State Of Gujarat
LL Citation: 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 182
The Gujarat High Court has rejected a petition filed under Disturbed Areas Act opposing the transfer of a property in Vadodara from a Hindu woman to a Muslim couple. The petition, filed by five neighbors of the property holder, aimed to annul the deputy collector's decision allowing the registration of a sale deed under the Disturbed Areas Act.
Justice Vaibhavi Nanavati said, “Once the sale is held to be bonafide, no interference is called for to exercise extraordinary jurisdiction under Article -226 of the Constitution of India. Sections 4 and 5 of the Act provide that when the question of either giving post-facto sanction to such sale or a permission to sale is concerned, the Collector is required to consider whether the sale is for a fair consideration and with pre-consent.”
Gujarat High Court: Protection Granted U/S 32A(2) & 33(5) Of IBC Overrides The Power Of Enforcement Directorate To Attach The Properties Under PMLA
Case Title: AM Mining India Private Limited vs Union of India
LL Citation: 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 183
The Gujarat High Court has held that the protection granted under Section32A(2) and Section 33(5) of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (“IBC”) would override the power of Enforcement Directorate to attach the properties under Section 5 of the Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002 (“PMLA”).
A single bench of Justice Vaibhavi D. Nanavati said that the Enforcement Directorate has proceeded to confirm the order of provisional attachment passed under Section 5(1) of PMLA without any application of mind.
District Collector Honeytrap Case: Gujarat High Court Grants Bail To Accused RAC, Says S.354C IPC Not Attracted Against Women
Case Title: Ketkiben Vasudev Vyas Versus State Of Gujarat
LL Citation: 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 184
The Gujarat High Court has granted bail to a female Resident Additional Collector who was implicated in a case involving the installation of spy cameras in the office chamber of the District Collector, Anand. The court ruled that Section 354C of the Indian Penal Code (IPC), which pertains to voyeurism, is not applicable to women.
According to the established facts of the case, the current petitioner, who was employed as the Resident Additional Collector at the Collector's office in District Anand, orchestrated the installation of spy cameras in the office chamber of the former District Collector. Subsequently, a woman was directed to frequent the District Collector's office with the purpose of cultivating a close relationship with the then District Collector, with the promise of financial compensation.
Gujarat High Court Denies Bail To Accused Involved In Fake Passport Scam, Says He May Use International Contacts To Flee
Case Title: Bharatkumar Ramabhai Patel Versus State Of Gujarat
LL Citation: 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 185
In a recent ruling, the Gujarat High Court denied bail to an accused individual facing charges related to the creation of forged passports and fraudulent visa stickers for various foreign countries, emphasizing the possibility that if released on bail, the accused might leverage these connections to evade legal consequences.
Justice Nirzar S Desai observed, “Considering the fact that the allegations against the present applicant are about creating forged passports and fabricated forged visa stickers of various foreign countries as well as it is coming out from the statement of various witnesses, prima facie, it seems that the present applicant is having contacts all over the world and therefore, looking to the nature of the allegations leveled against him about illegally sending the people to foreign countries and successfully allowing them to cross the border, there are all the chances that if the present applicant is enlarged on bail, he may utilize his international contacts all over the world for himself and may fly away.”
No Prosecution Under Copyright Act For Sale Of Duplicate Spare Parts Of Computer Hardware: Gujarat High Court
Case Title: Mayur Kanaiyalal Shah Versus State Of Gujarat & 2 Other(S)
LL Citation: 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 186
The Gujarat High Court has ruled that duplicate spare parts of computer hardware are not literary, musical or artistic works and therefore an FIR cannot be lodged for violation of the Copyright Act, 1957 for their sale.
Justice Sandeep Bhatt while quashing the FIR observed, “Apart from that, even if, the FIR is taken at its face value, it refers to items, which do not fall within the artistic work as defined under Section 2(c) of the Copyright Act, 1957. It cannot be said that the spare-part is literal work or musical work. It is not disclosed that the spare part is an artistic work or any other such work that the provisions of Copyright Act, 1957 would apply.”
Income Tax Act | Valid Show-Cause Notice Crucial For Recovery Under Section 179: Gujarat High Court
Case Title: Bhailal Babubhai Patel Versus The Principal Commissioner Of Income Tax 1
LL Citation: 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 187
In a recent ruling, the Gujarat High Court has set aside an Income Tax Liability Order, highlighting the crucial requirement of a valid show-cause notice for recovery under Section 179 of the Income Tax Act, 1961. The above ruling came in a petition challenging the order dated 27.03.2019 under Section 179 of the Income Tax Act, 1961 against the petitioner holding him in his capacity as a Director responsible for the outstanding demand against the company – Banyan & Berry Alloys Limited.
Income Tax Act | Section 56(2)(Viic) Not Applicable To Fresh Issuances Or Allotments Of Shares By A Company: Gujarat High Court
Case Title: The Principal Commissioner Of Income Tax 1, Ahmadabad Versus Jigar Jashwantlal Shah)
LL Citation: 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 188
The Gujarat High Court recently delivered a crucial ruling on the interpretation of Section 56(2)(viic) of the Income Tax Act, 1961, stating that the provision does not apply to fresh issuances or allotments of shares by a company.
According to section 56(2)(viib), if a company receives, in any previous year, any consideration for the issue of shares that exceeds the face value of such shares from any person who is a resident, the aggregate consideration received for shares that exceed the fair market value of the shares shall be deemed to be the income of the concerned company chargeable to tax under the head Income from other Sources for the relevant financial year.
Reassessment On Suspicion To Enquire Further Is Unsustainable: Gujarat High Court
Case Title: Artiben Amishkumar Patel Versus The Income Tax Officer, Ward 3(2)(1)
LL Citation: 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 189
The Gujarat High Court has delivered a significant ruling, asserting that reassessment on suspicion for making further inquiry is unsustainable under section 148 of the Income Tax Act.
The division bench of Justices Biren Vaishnav and Bhargav D Karia observed, “The reassessment was also therefore based on suspicion. As pointed out by learned Senior Counsel Mr.Hemani, that factors that indicate that income has escaped assessment consists of facts which if established will have a cause and effect relationship, whereas factors which indicate a suspicion about income escaping assessment which would warrant a further inquiry. This is not what is contemplated under section 148 of the Act. The jurisdiction cannot be used to carry out a roving inquiry.”
Income Tax Act | 35(2ab) Deduction Can't Be Denied For Failure Of Authority To Send Intimation: Gujarat High Court Upholds ITAT Decision In Schaeffler India Ltd's Tax Appeal
LL Citation: 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 190
In a recent ruling by the Gujarat High Court, it has been held that the deduction under Section 35(2AB) of the Income Tax Act cannot be denied merely due to the failure of the authority to send intimation. The decision came in response to an appeal filed by the Revenue against the order of the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal 'C' Bench, Ahmedabad, pertaining to the assessment year 2016-17.
As per Section 35(2AB) of the Income-tax Act, where a company is engaged in the business of bio-technology or in any business of manufacture or production of any article or thing', incurs any expenditure on scientific research (not being expenditure in the nature of cost of any land or building) on in-house research and development (R&D) facility as approved by the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR), then, a sum equal to two times of the expenditure so incurred shall be allowed as weighted deduction.
Gujarat High Court Quashes FIR Against Chartered Accountant Firm In GSLDC Scam
Case Title: Naman Gyanchand Pipara Versus State Of Gujarat & Ors.
LL Citation: 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 191
The Gujarat High Court has quashed the First Information Report (FIR) against a Chartered Accountant firm in connection with the Gujarat State Land Development Corporation Limited (GSLDC) Scam. The court emphasized that the firm's role was confined to auditing vouchers and records, and it was not directly implicated in the misconduct associated with the Khet Talavadi project, the focal point of the accusations.
No Reason To Believe Income Chargeable To Tax Escaped Assessment: Gujarat High Court Quashes Income Tax Notice
Case Title: Bhagwati Polyfill Pvt. Ltd. Versus The Assistant Commissioner Of Income Tax
LL Citation: 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 192
The Gujarat High Court in a recent ruling underscored the importance of tangible evidence and a valid reason to believe that income has escaped assessment in a significant decision regarding the validity of reopening assessments based on reasons lacking a direct connection between the taxpayer and the disputed transaction.
Justice Biren Vaishnav and Bhargav D Karia observed, “Perusal of the reasons would indicate that except making a statement that the petitioner had an access with Shri Kamal Zaveri and that the tainted concerns, namely, Jay Traders and Shubham Enterprise were conduits for securing unsecured loans. No material came forth in terms of any statement or details to pin-point a live link or a nexus of the petitioner with the transaction in question.”
IGST Refund On Exported Goods Being Zero Rated Supplies Admissible As Excess Drawback Repaid: Gujarat High Court
Case Title: Adf Foods Ltd. Versus Union Of India
LL Citation: 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 193
The Gujarat High Court has ruled that the surplus drawback resulting from the utilization of the Cenvat Credit facility was repaid along with interest, and thus, the refund of Integrated Goods and Services Tax (IGST) paid on goods and services for exported goods, classified as zero-rated supplies, is deemed eligible.
The petitioner, ADF Foods Ltd., challenged the inaction on the part of the respondents not to sanction the refund claims of integrated goods and service tax paid on exported goods i.e. “Zero Rated Supplies” through Mundra Customs Port.
Gujarat High Court Dismisses Plea To Ban Loudspeakers Used For Azaan, Says It Is 'Faith And Practice Going On For Years Together'
The Gujarat High Court today dismissed a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) which sought a ban on the use of loudspeakers in mosques for azaan, terming it a "wholly misconceived PIL." The petitioner had requested a ban on the use of loudspeakers during various times of the day for the Islamic call to prayer. Chief Justice Sunita Aggarwal questioned the petitioner's claim of disturbance due to noise pollution, enquiring if other religious practices, such as playing music during puja or bhajan in temples, did not cause similar public disturbance.
Gujarat High Court Reconsiders 120-Day Deadline For Written Statements In Commercial Cases, Says Should Accommodate Exceptional Circumstances
Case Title: Kalpataru Projects International Limited Versus Ssa Projects Pvt. Ltd
LL Citation: 2023 LiveLaw (Guj) 195
The Gujarat High Court has issued a significant ruling, asserting that the obligatory 120-day period for submitting a Written Statement in Commercial Cases should be reassessed. In overturning a decision by the Commercial Court disallowing the petitioner to file their written statement, the Bench emphasized that in the present case, the unavailability of the court itself due to a change in forum would leave the petitioner in a vulnerable position. In such instances, the court declared that the timeframe would be deemed to have been "frozen."