SC Dismisses PIL Seeking Guidelines To Regulate Cesarean Deliveries in Hospitals
The Supreme Court has dismissed a PIL petition seeking framing of guidelines to regulate cesarean deliveries in hospitals. The bench of Chief Justice Dipak Misra, Justice A M Khanwilkar and Justice D Y Chandrachud dismissed the petition finding it to be frivolous, and imposed costs of Rs.25,000.
The petition filed by Mr. Reepak Kansal had alleged “flagrant violations and abuse of health norms” due to the lack of such policy, claiming that several private hospitals and maternity homes often conduct unnecessary C-section deliveries in order to make money.
The petition highlighted the fact that a C-section delivery involves an extended stay in the hospital or nursing home, as compared to normal childbirth. Further, it submited that private hospital have a much higher rate of C-sections than public hospitals and claims that this is a “clear indication that these institutions deliberately perform C-sections as it is directly proportionate to the fact that surgical deliveries cost much more than normal deliveries”.
Elaborating on the consequences of such unnecessary C-section deliveries, the petition then relied on studies to assert that C-sections lead to a higher risk of post-partum depression and lower breastfeeding rate in women, and diseases like obesity and diabetes in children.
“Despite its’ adverse effects on maternal and child health, hospitals and doctors are indiscriminately conducting C-sections to make more money at the cost of the health of woman and child,” it contended.
The petition thereafter demanded constitution of a medical board as well, for monitoring the activities of private health institutions with regard to C-section deliveries. Additionally, it also sought a mandatory direction to doctors and hospitals to declare the percentage of Caesarean delivery rates to patients and post-cesarean health hazards. With such data in hand, enquiries were demanded to be conducted against those with abnormally high C-section rates.
Advocating for these measures, it submitted, “To discourage such profiteering at the cost of health of women and children, women need to be made aware of the performances of such health care centres with regard to C-section rates in different hospitals and maternity homes, so that they can choose their hospitals carefully specifically in view of the fact that she is consumer of their services and has all right to know about them.
The woman availing the services of any maternity home must be aware about the data/details of deliveries conducted by said maternity home on the basis of which, said women can opt the services of maternity homes of their choice. As a consumer, woman has also right to know the post caesarean impact and health risks to her body and of her children in order to make right choice in much advance of the actual health risks that may occur to them after the C-section deliver