Suo Motu PIL On Central Selection Mechanism For Subordinate Judiciary: SC Seeks Response From States [Read the Letter]

Suo Motu PIL On Central Selection Mechanism For Subordinate Judiciary: SC Seeks Response From States [Read the Letter]

Taking cognizance on a letter issued by Law Ministry to Secretary General of Supreme Court, a three Judge Bench of Supreme Court of India has issued notice in a suo motu PIL to state governments seeking their response on Central Selection Mechanism for Subordinate judiciary to make selections to the subordinate judiciary across the Country.

After hearing the Solicitor General Ranjit Kumar, the Bench comprising Chief Justice JS Khehar, Justice AK Goel and AM Khanwilkar directed the States to file their response.

During the hearing, CJI clarified that this “endeavour is not to touch the federal Structure. We are not taking away anything from states. Whichever state has any suggestion or objection, they can file the reply on or before June 30".

"It is the central agency which is to hold the examination for all the states so that the vacancies will be filled up quickly.A large number of vacancies are there at the lower stage. We propose to crystallize the process to fill the vacancies. Every year the strength has been increased but some states remain silent for long as a result the vacancies are multiplying. With this, possibility of filling the vacancies in subordinate judiciary is more".

Referring to the joint initiative of Supreme Court and Central government, he explained that there will be common test and unified nomenclature to be followed by all the states.

“We are helping the states to regulate filling the vacancies, The federal structure should remain intact. The selection procedure should remain exactly the same for all states".

Solicitor General of India Ranjit Kumar submitted all the states have been served with the notice from Supreme Court Registry and Union of India will consult the states.

The suo motu PIL has been initiated on the basis of a letter written by Secretary of the Law Ministry's Department of Justice, Ms. Snehlata Shrivastava to Mr. Ravindra Maithani, Secretary General of the Supreme Court.

The letter makes reference to the discussions held in the Supreme Court during a meeting presided over by Justice A.K. Goel earlier last month. The meeting, which had seen attendance from the members of the Judiciary and the Government, explored areas of judicial reforms for speedy justice.

Among the various topics discussed at the meeting, the letter states that the timely filling up of vacancies in the subordinate judiciary was highlighted as an area of concern. It was then that the idea of introduction of an alternative method of recruitment, such as the creation of a Central Selection Mechanism was put forth.

It was suggested that the Selection Committee can be constituted under the Chairmanship of the Chief Justice of India and his nominee, along with representatives from the High Courts and other experts.

Acknowledging the discussions held during the meeting, Ms. Shrivastava then suggests the following options for creation and operation of the Selection Mechanism:



  1. She proposes that the centralized examination can be conducted by a recruitment body for selection of candidates for higher judiciary in District and Subordinate Courts. The Centralized recruitment body under the supervision of the Supreme Court would be empowered to conduct all India national level examinations at preliminary level, and main examination along with interview for identified number of vacancies.

  2. She proposes that the centralized examination can also be conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) as the UPSC has the constitutional mandate, expertise and experience in organizing all-India level recruitments. “It would be useful to utilize the services of the UPSC through its established practice and procedures, which could be modified and developed in consultation with the High Courts keeping in view the specific requirements and specialized character of such examination and recruitment,”
    the letter states.

  3. She suggests that candidates appearing in the competitive examination may be allowed to give their preference for serving under the jurisdiction of a specific or alternate High Court. Once the selection is made and the candidate is assigned to a particular High Court on merit, it would be the responsibility of that High Court for imparting appropriate training, before induction in service, through the State Judicial Academy. On the lines of Civil Services, the High Courts may also make it mandatory for the selected candidates to pass the examinations on the knowledge of local and regional laws.

  4. She recommends adoption of the model followed by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) for conducting the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) for admission to undergraduate and post graduate medical courses. As per the process followed for NEET, the CBSE is responsible for conducting the entrance test, and for declaration of the result and preparation of an all-India rank list.

  5. The model followed by the Institute of Banking and Personnel Section (IBPS) for recruitment for banking services may also be adopted. IBPS conducts examination, issues notifications, and receives fee/application based on the requirement of the organization. However, final offers of the recruitment/ promotion/ selection are always made by the Banks.

  6. She proposes establishment of a separate recruitment body.


Ms. Shrivastava’s further ensures the Court that the Government “welcomes the idea and would support the initiative as required for its speedy implementation.”

Read the Order and Letter here.