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Uphaar: SC Gives Gopal Ansal One year Jail; Brother Sushil Walks Free [Read Order]

9 Feb 2017 6:56 AM GMT
Uphaar: SC Gives Gopal Ansal One year Jail; Brother Sushil Walks Free [Read Order]
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In a 2:1 verdict, the Supreme Court today sentenced Uphaar cinema co-owner 69-year-old Gopal Ansal to one year imprisonment in the 1997 Uphaar cinema tragedy which killed 59 cine-goers while it kept intact the earlier order that his brother Sushil Ansal’s punishment will remain the five months jail term which he already underwent.

Gopal Ansal who has been asked to surrender within four weeks will have to undergo the remaining term of around six months. He had already spent close to six months in jail. Sushil Ansal will however have to pay a fine of Rs 30 crore.  While refusing to send Sushil Ansal to jail, the court considered his advanced age. He is 76 years old.

Sending Gopal Ansal to jail the bench said the fine of Rs 30 crore was not sufficient in view of the irreparable loss of lives. It said the gravity of the offence and illegal means used by him to make gains called for an enhancement of the punishment.

The verdict came on petitions filed  by Association of Victims of Uphaar Tragedy (AVUT) and CBI seeking a review of the decision to let off the theatre owners Gopal and Sushil Ansal, after considering the period they had already undergone in the prison as their sentence and imposing a fine of Rs 30 crore. 


Neelam Krishamoorthy, the President of the AVUT and who herself lost her two teenage children in the fire expressed disappointment about the verdict

“ I am extremely disappointed. More than 20 years, the prime of my life, I gave to fight for justice. And this is what I got from the courts. I think I have made a mistake by coming to court. What is the message which goes across? It is that the powerful influential and rich can get away with crime by paying money..I am shattered”, she said as tears welled up her eyes

SC on December 14, 2016 reserved its verdict after hearing two-hour-long arguments, advanced by counsel for CBI, AVUT and Ansal brothers.

Senior advocate Harish Salve, appearing for CBI, said the fines are imposed additionally and they cannot substitute "substantive" jail term awarded to convicts in a case.

"Fine in lieu of conviction is alien in criminal jurisprudence," he had argued, noting that while hearing the appeals against the high court verdict, the apex court had ordered "substantive conviction" by saying that the fine imposed can "only be additional".

"Enhancement of sentence, subject to fine, is erroneous in law," he had said.

In the review petition filed on November 6, last year, the CBI and the association have said that the sentence awarded to them was inadequate and against the principles of natural justice.

CBI is of the view that the judges, while letting off the accused with mere fine, did not consider several aspects dealt with by the bench which had convicted the Ansals.

They ask how can such lenient view be taken after the SC had earlier noted that “contemptuous disregard of civic law (in the tragedy) was glaring” and “cinema owners were more interested in making money than ensuring safety of the public”

Said the plea filed by AVUT: “The Petitioner is seeking the review of the impugned operative order dated 19.08.2015 and the reasons in the judgment dated 22.09.2015 on the following amongst other grounds.

“The impugned judgments are in gross violation of natural justice and have been passed without affording the victims any effective and meaningful hearing, the impugned judgments bestow an unwarranted leniency on the convicts whose conviction in the most heinous of offences has been upheld by all courts including this Hon’ble Court” it said

“The sentences imposed on the convicts, Sushil Ansal and Gopal Ansal, have been substituted with fine without assigning any reason or basis thereof. The sentences of the said convicts have been reduced to the period undergone without taking into account the gravity of their offence. The orders under review run contrary to the well established jurisprudence of the principles of sentencing as followed so meticulously by this Hon’ble Court”, it said.

“The orders under review amount to grave miscarriage of justice to the victims who have suffered loss of lives of their near and dear ones because of the gross violations of safety rules by the convicted Ansal brothers. The Ansal brothers were responsible for the functioning of the Uphaar Cinema where the tragedy occurred.

The Trial Court, the High Court and this Hon’ble Court have concurrently held the convicts guily of this most grievous of crimes. However, after the end of a long 18 years of legal battle which has seen the convicts use their influence to delay and protract trial in the case on numerous occassions, the said convict have been let off even after their conviction being uphel and infact their sentence enhanced. The sentence imposed on them has been substituted with a fine of Rs. 30 Crores each”, it said.

“With respect, this results in a dangerous judicial precedent where rich and influential members of the society can afford to be casual in their business decisions to maximize profits at the cost of innocent lives in future. There are manifest errors apparent on record in the impugned judgments which deserves being reviewed", said AVUT

"It is submitted that the orders under review are erroneous in that they fail to consider the substantial contentions of the Petitioner on the issue of the sentencing of the convicts.They have been passed in a summary manner and in violation of natural justice to the victims. Thus,for the sake of justice it is necessary and expedient that oral arguments be permitted to be advanced and entertained in the present matter”. said the petition


As many as 59 people died and 100 were injured in the fire during the screening of Hindi blockbuster Border on the evening of June 13, 1997.

The fire started in the parking lot and then engulfed the building in the busy Green Park area.

CBI says the court had itself brought out the negligence on the part of Ansals saying most people died in the ensuing stampede or were asphyxiated as the escape routes were blocked by illegally fixed chairs.

The trial court had sentenced the duo to two years’ rigorous imprisonment in November 2007. But in December 2008, the Delhi High Court reduced their sentence to one year. While Sushil Ansal spent 5 months in jail, Gopal remained in jail for four months and 32 days.

Read the order here.

This article has been made possible because of financial support from Independent and Public-Spirited Media Foundation.

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