The Uttarakhand High Court has ordered that no wild animals, including tigers, leopards and panthers, shall be declared man-eater/rouge and killed in the state. It also directed the Centre to formulate the National Forest Policy aiming on forest management, conservation and sustainable development also to maintain and increase forest covers and notify the same within six months as per preamble and guidelines framed by the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, also called Rio de Janeiro Declaration/ Earth Summit/Forest Principles.
A division bench of Justice Rajiv Sharma and Justice Alok Singh issued significant guidelines in the matter of protection of forest and wildlife.
The bench observed that the vital role of all types of forests in maintaining the ecological processes and balance at the local, national, regional and global levels should be recognised.
It is also observed that national policies and/or legislation aimed at management, conservation and sustainable development of forests should include the protection of ecologically viable representative or unique examples of forests, including primary/old growth forests, cultural, spiritual, historical, religious and other unique and valued forests of national importance.
The bench issued the following directions in the case:
Aconitum heterophyllum, Dactylorhiza hatagirea, Alpinia galangal, Coptis teeta, Nardostachys grandiflora, Podophyllum hexandrum, Panax pseudo-ginseng, Picrorhiza kurrooa, Dioscorea deltoidea, Angelica glauca, Allium stracheyi, Podophyllum hexandrum, Nardostachys grandiflora, Aconitum spp., Picrorhiza kurrooa, Saussurea lappa and Dactylorhiza hatagirea.