The National Green Tribunal has directed the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) to involve, NEERI and IIT Delhi, while carrying out a study whether existing batch plants would be able to meet environmental concerns or Advance Batch Automated Plants, are required to address the environmental concerns, caused due to absence of proper management of End-of-Life, Tyres/Waste Tyres (ELTs).
A bench led by Chairperson Justice Adarsh Kumar Goel were informed that the study is proposed to be carried out by CPCB, in four months time, after it received representations from the All India Rubber & Tyre Recyclers Association, Mumbai (AIRTRA), where they have claimed that Advance Automated Plants addresses all the environmental concerns as raised by the CPCB. While the Pyrolysis Industries Association, Punjab, claimed that existing batch plants are meeting the norms and SOPs.
The bench has been hearing a petition filed by Social Action for Forest & Environment (SAFE), highlighting the issue of absence of proper management of End-of-Life Tyres/Waste Tyres (ELTs) in accordance with the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986, Environment (Protection) Rules, 1986, Hazardous and Other Wastes (Management and Transboundary Movement) Rules, 2016, CPCB Guidelines for Environmentally Sound Management of End of Life Vehicles, 2016 and Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) issued by the MoEF&CC.
The plea prayed for complete ban of ELTs in Pyrolysis Industries due to non-implementation of the existing laws by the Pyrolysis Plants resulting in adverse environmental impact. Comprehensive performance assessment of pyrolysis industries should be ordered to be done through the SPCBs or an independent agency in order to gauge the magnitude of the
problem at hand. The principle of Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) must be made mandatory for tyre manufacturers as well as tyre importers. A comprehensive time bound implementation plan be put in place for ELTs in conformity with various laws, Rules and
Guidelines on Waste Tyres, to be executed by a Task Force.
The CPCB after receiving report from the State Pollution Control Boards and Pollution Control Committees, filed a detailed report in the tribunal stating "Out of 678 tyre pyrolysis units, 270 units are complying, 250 units are not complying and 155 units are closed/not in operation. CTO of 02 units are under renewal. Out of these two units one unit is operational and another unit is closed. 01 unit has applied for online consent and the case is under
The CPCB also issued directions to all State Government and Union Territories (UT) to close
down all such pyrolysis units in your State/UT which are not complying as on date with consent conditions and SOP of the MoEF&CC. By direction issued on December 31, 2019, it directed that for regulating location of tyre pyrolysis industries in light of the carrying
capacity of the area. Henceforth, any new/expansion of existing tyre pyrolysis industry be granted consent to establish or amendment in consent to establish only after assessing the carrying capacity of the area. You are also directed to ensure that the health of workers involved in the tyre pyrolysis industries is safeguarded.