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Magistrate Do Not Have Power To Order Deportation Of Foreign Citizen In Case Of Violation Of Foreigners Act Or Otherwise: Telangana High Court

Nupur Thapliyal
27 Jun 2021 11:47 AM GMT
Magistrate Do Not Have Power To Order Deportation Of Foreign Citizen In Case Of Violation Of Foreigners Act Or Otherwise: Telangana High Court
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Quashing two deportation orders passed by a Magistrate in relation to a foreign national, the Telangana High Court has observed that a Magistrate under Code of Criminal Procedure does not have the power to order deportation of foreign citizen in case of violation of the Foreigners Act or otherwise.A single judge bench comprising of Justice K Lakshman observed thus:"As discussed above,...

Quashing two deportation orders passed by a Magistrate in relation to a foreign national, the Telangana High Court has observed that a Magistrate under Code of Criminal Procedure does not have the power to order deportation of foreign citizen in case of violation of the Foreigners Act or otherwise.

A single judge bench comprising of Justice K Lakshman observed thus:

"As discussed above, learned Magistrate is not having power to order deportation of any foreign citizen even in case of violation of the provisions of the Act or otherwise."

Furthermore, it said:

"Learned Magistrate has to confine his findings with regard to either acquittal or conviction of accused therein under Section 248 of the Cr.P.C., Learned Magistrate is not having power to order deportation of any foreign citizen for any violation."

The petitioner, belonging to the Ivory Coast, who had come to India on employment visa had approached the High Court seeking quashing of the deportation orders by which the Magistrate had, after acquitted him in the criminal cases filed against him, directed the jail authorities to release him forthwith and also that he may be deported immediately to his native country, if there are no other cases were pending against him in India.

It was thus the case of the petitioner that the Magistrate while pronouncing judgment under Section 248 of Cr.P.C. is not having power to order deportation of any or foreign citizen for any kind of violation.

It was also submitted that there is a specific procedure prescribed under the Foreigners Act, 1946 for deportation of a foreign citizen for violation of the provisions of the said Act, but the learned Magistrate is not having power to order deportation of any foreign citizen for violation of the provisions of the Act.

Perusing the aforesaid orders, the High Court observed thus:

"A perusal of both the judgments would reveal that learned Magistrate did not give any reasons for ordering deportation of the petitioner. There is no reason mentioned by the learned Magistrate in the judgments both dated 06.05.2021 that the petitioner herein a foreign citizen staying in India in contravention of the Act."

"Therefore, in view of the above said discussion, judgments both dated 06.05.2021 in C.C.No.27 of 2020 and C.C.No.30 of 2020 ordering deportation of the petitioner/accused, an Ivory Coast National, is illegal and contrary to the provisions of Cr.P.C." the Court held.

The Court also held that "the Code of Criminal Procedure, does not permit learned Magistrate to pass deportation order while dealing with the above Calendar Cases."

However, the Court rejected the prayer of the petitioner seeking a direction to release him from custody of the Cyber Crimes Police after observing thus:

"The deportation of a foreign national for any violation is specifically mentioned in the Act and Regulations mentioned therein. The Police have already invoked said procedure and an order dated 18.05.2021 was passed by the FRRO. The efforts are being made to send the petitioner to his native place."

The Court directed the Cyber Crimes Police, FRRO and civil authorities Hyderabad, to make an endeavour to deport the petitioner to his native place as early as possible after getting permission from the concerned authorities.

Title: Bailly Gui Landry v. The State of Telangana, rep. by Its Public Prosecutor, High Court of Telangana Through Cyber Crime, Cyberabady

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