The Central Government has notified Constitution (One Hundred And Fourth Amendment) Act which extends reservation for ten years for Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribes to Lok Sabha and State Assemblies. The amendment also does away with the provision for nomination of Anglo Indians.
The Amendment to Constitution was ratified by the Legislatures more than one-half of the States by resolutions to that effect. It then received the assent of the President on the 21st January, 2020. The Act will come into force on 25th January 2020.
The Act amends the the marginal heading to Article 334 which now reads: "Reservation of seats and special representation to cease after certain period." Further, after clauses (a) and (b), for the words "seventy years", the words "eighty years in respect of clause (a) and seventy years in respect of clause (b)" is to be substituted.
The original constitution provided that this Article would cease to have effect after twenty years from the commencement of Constitution. The first amendment to this Article was made in 1970. Thereafter it was further amended in 1980,1990, 2000, 2010.
Article 330 provides that Seats shall be reserved in the House of the People for (a) the Scheduled Castes; [(b) the Scheduled Tribes except the Scheduled Tribes in the autonomous districts of Assam; and (c) the Scheduled Tribes in the autonomous districts of Assam. Article 331 provided that the President may, if he is of opinion that the Anglo-Indian community is not adequately represented in the House of the People, nominate not more than two members of that community to the House of the People. Article 332 and 333 pertains to reservation and representation to State Assemblies.
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