Top
Begin typing your search above and press return to search.
Top Stories

The Phrase Of This Court As 'Sentinel On The Qui Vive' May Have Become Weather-Beaten, Judges Must Constantly Remind Themselves Of Its Value: SC [Read Judgment]

LIVELAW NEWS NETWORK
1 Oct 2020 1:26 PM GMT
The Phrase Of This Court As Sentinel On The Qui Vive May Have Become Weather-Beaten, Judges Must Constantly Remind Themselves Of Its Value: SC [Read Judgment]
x
"The phrase may have become weather-beaten in articles, seminars and now, in the profusion of webinars, amidst the changing times. "

The phrase of this court as the sentinel on the qui vive may have become weather-beaten..., but judges must constantly remind themselves of its value through their tenures, if the call of the constitutional conscience is to retain meaning. Justice Dhananjaya Y. Chandrachud remarked in a judgment he delivered on Thursday.The Judge observed thus in his judgment which quashed...

Your free access to Live Law has expired
To read the article, get a premium account.
    Your Subscription Supports Independent Journalism
Subscription starts from
599+GST
(For 6 Months)
Premium account gives you:
  • Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.
  • Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.
Already a subscriber?

The phrase of this court as the sentinel on the qui vive may have become weather-beaten..., but judges must constantly remind themselves of its value through their tenures, if the call of the constitutional conscience is to retain meaning. Justice Dhananjaya Y. Chandrachud remarked in a judgment he delivered on Thursday.

The Judge observed thus in his judgment which quashed the notification issued by the Gujarat Labour and Employment Department granting exemptions to all factories in Gujarat from provisions of the Factories Act, 1948 relating to daily working hours, weekly working hours, intervals for rest and spread overs of adult workers as well as from payment of overtime wages at double rates viz. Section 59.  It was held that the notifications, in denying humane working conditions and overtime wages provided by law, are an affront to the workers' right to life and right against forced labour that are secured by Articles 21 and 23 of the Constitution. 

The observation about sentinel on the qui vive reads thus:

"The Constitution allows for economic experiments. Judicial review is justifiably held off in matters of policy, particularly economic policy. But the Directive Principles of State Policy cannot be reduced to oblivion by a sleight of interpretation. To a worker who has faced the brunt of the pandemic and is currently laboring in a workplace without the luxury of physical distancing, economic dignity based on the rights available under the statute is the least that this Court can ensure them...Justice Patanjali Sastry immortalized that phrase of this court as the sentinel on the qui vive in our jurisprudence by recognizing it in State of Madras vs. V G Row. The phrase may have become weather-beaten in articles, seminars and now, in the profusion of webinars, amidst the changing times. Familiar as the phrase sounds, judges must constantly remind themselves of its value through their tenures, if the call of the constitutional conscience is to retain meaning"



'Sentinel on the qui vive"  is usually translated as watchful guardian. Qui vive means watchful or alert. In State of Madras vs. V G Row, Justice Sastry, in his judgment, had made the following observation:

"What is sometimes overlooked, that our Constitution contains express provisions for judicial review of legislation as to its conformity with the Constitution, unlike as in America where the Supreme Court has assumed extensive powers of reviewing legislative acts undercover of the widely interpreted "due process" clause in the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments. If, then, the courts in this country face up to such important and none too easy task, it is not out of any desire to tilt at legislative authority in a crusader's spirit, but in discharge of a duty plainly laid upon them by the Constitution. This is especially true as regards the "fundamental rights ", as to which this Court has been assigned the role of a sentinel on the qui vive. While the Court naturally attaches great weight to the legislative judgment, it cannot desert its own duty to determine finally the constitutionality of an impugned statute."


Case name:  Gujarat Mazdoor Sabha vs. State of Gujarat
Case no. :Writ Petition (Civil) No. 708 of 2020
Coram: Justices DY Chandrachu Indu Malhotra and KM Joseph
Counsel: Sr. Adv Sanjay Singhvi, Adv Aparna Bhat, for petitioners;  Adv Deepanwita Priyanka for State
Read Judgment






Next Story
Share it