11 Aug 2023 8:49 AM GMT
The Lok Sabha today referred to the Parliamentary Standing Committee, three Bills that are aimed to replace the Indian Penal Code, the Criminal Code for Procedure and the Indian Evidence Act.For this purpose, Home Minister Amit Shah introduced Bhartiya Nyaya Sanhita, 2023; Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita, 2023; and Bharatiya Sakshya Bill, 2023 respectively. The Bills have been framed...
The Lok Sabha today referred to the Parliamentary Standing Committee, three Bills that are aimed to replace the Indian Penal Code, the Criminal Code for Procedure and the Indian Evidence Act.
For this purpose, Home Minister Amit Shah introduced Bhartiya Nyaya Sanhita, 2023; Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita, 2023; and Bharatiya Sakshya Bill, 2023 respectively. The Bills have been framed after extensive consultation with various stakeholders including Supreme Court and High Court Judges, Law Universities, Chief Ministers, Governors, etc. The Bills also take inspirartion from various Committee recommendations.
Bhartiya Nyaya Sanhita proposes to repeal 22 provisions of IPC, proposes changes to 175 existing provisions and introduces 8 new Sections. It contains total 356 provisions.
During his speech, Shah said the Bill completely repeals the offence of Sedition. The Bill however has provisions for "Offences against the State". Section 150 of the Bill deals with "Acts endangering sovereignty unity and integrity of India". He also mentioned that the Bill makes provision to penalize the offence of 'Mob Lynching' and the same is punishable with 7 years or life imprisonment or death penalty.
Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita repeals 9 provisions of the CrPC, proposes changes to 160 provisions thereof and introduces 9 new provisions. The Bill contains total 533 Sections.
Bharatiya Sakshya Bill repeals 5 existing provisions of the Evidence Act, proposes changes to 23 provisions and introduces one new provision. It contains 170 Sections in total.
Few new provisions under IPC:
Section 109: Organised crime
Section 110: Petty organised crime or organised in general
Section 111: Offence of terrorist act
Section 150: Acts endangering sovereignty unity and integrity of India
Section 302: Snatching
Salient features of the Bills, as stated by Home Minister, here:
-Separate provision for Mob Lynching, punishable with 7 years or life imprisonment or death penalty;
-Ex-parte trial and conviction of fugitives;
-Formal provision for 'Zero FIR'- this will enable citizens to lodge a FIR with any police station, no matter their jurisdiction;
-Zero FIR must be sent over to the concerned Police Station having jurisdiction in the alleged crime within 15 days after registration;
-'Deemed Sanction' to prosecute civil servants, police officer accused of criminal offences in case of authority's failure to respond within 120 days of application;
-Digitization of complete process starting from registration of FIR to maintenance of Case Diary to filing of Charge sheet and delivery of Judgment;
-Complete trial, including Cross-examination, appeal, to be facilitated via Video conferencing;
-Videography while recording statement of victims of sexual crimes mandatory;
-Punishment for all types of Gang Rape- 20 yrs or life imprisonment;
-Punishment for Rape of minor includes imposition of death penalty;
-Charge sheet to be mandatorily filed within 90 days of FIR; Court may extend such time by further 90 days, taking the total maximum period for winding up investigation to 180 days;
-Courts to finish framing of charges within 60 days of receiving charge sheet;
-Judgment to be mandatorily delivered within 30 days after conclusion of hearing;
-Judgment to be mandatorily made available online within 7 days of pronouncement;
-Videography mandatory during Search & Seizure;
-Forensic Teams to mandatorily visit crime scenes for offences involving punishment more than 7 years;
-Deployment of Mobile FSLs at district level;
-No case punishable with 7 years or more shall be withdrawn without providing opportunity of hearing to the victim;
-Scope of Summary Trials expanded to offences punishable upto 3 years (will reduce 40% cases in Sessions courts);
-Separate, harsh punishment for organized crimes;
-Separate provisions penalizing rape of woman under false pretext of marriage, job, etc.;
-Separate provision for chain/mobile 'Snatching' and similar miscreant activities;
-Punishment for offences against children enhanced from 7 yrs imprisonment to 10 yrs jail term;
-Punishment of death penalty can at max be commuted to life term, punishment of life term may at max be commuted to 7 years imprisonment and punishment of 7 years may be commuted to 3 years imprisonment and no less (to prevent misuse in favour of politically affluent accused);
-Videography of vehicles seized for involvement in any offence mandatory, whereafter a certified copy will be submitted to the Court to enable disposal of seized vehicle during pendency of trial.
Click here to read the Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita, 2023(which seeks to replace IPC)
Click here to read the Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (which seeks to replace the CrPC)
Click here to read the Bharatiya Sakshya Bill (which seeks to replace Evidence Act)